Rehabilitation of the knee is so very dependent upon restoring flexibility that it seems imperative that a patient should understand what anatomical factors allow and limit flexibility.

This course is fully illustrated, with video and audio where appropriate, and after taking the course the student will know enough to really benefit their own rehabilitation.

The course is in 11 parts:

Structure of the Course

Introduction to the course on the Anatomy of Knee Flexibility

  • introduction
  • glossary of relevant medical terms

Terminology of flexion and extension

  • the very basic words that you need to describe movement in your knee

Normal knee range-of-motion in men and women

  • how one measures range-of-motion
  • subtle but important gender differences

The joint capsule - why it is key to understanding so much about the knee

  • its watertight nature
  • its contribution to both stability and flexibility

Important structures inside the capsule - and their contribution to knee movement

The patella - why it is special and why it matters so much in knee rehabilitation

  • a bone-in-a-tendon
  • a fulcrum to improve the lever

Important soft tissue structures - subtle anatomy but valuable information

What powers flexion and what allows flexion? Related but different concepts

  • opposing muscle groups
  • roll-and-glide
  • ligament restraints

Rehabilitation problems with regaining flexion

  • adhesions
  • tight retinaculum
  • tendon shortening

Rehabilitation problems with regaining extension

  • capsular contracture
  • scarring in the notch
  • tendon shortening

Summing up the course on the anatomy of flexibility

  • a concert of motion