The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is one of the two cruciate ligaments inside the knee. It prevents the tibia (shinbone) from excessive forward motion relative to the femur (thighbone), and also prevents too much inwards twisting.
ACL reconstruction is one of the most commonly performed procedures in orthopedic practice. Young athletes sustain ACL injuries requiring reconstruction at alarming rates.
The ratio of ACL rupture in female athletes is three times more likely than in their male counterparts (Sutton, 2013).
Additionally, females postoperatively are 15 times more likely to rupture the reconstructed knee within the first year, as compared...
This publication by Joanna Kvist, Juri Kartus, Jon Karlsson and Magnus Forssblad summarises the position of the information gleaned over a number of years from the 23,744 patients who were entered into the Swedish National register for ACL procedures up until December 2012.
The study includes data from both the surgeons and from the patients. The female/male ratio was 42/58,...