The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is one of the two cruciate ligaments inside the knee.

It prevents the tibia (shinbone) from excessive forward motion relative to the femur (thighbone), and also prevents too much inwards twisting.

The other cruciate ligament is the 'posterior' cruciate ligament (PCL).

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Image of The Pediatric Anterior Cruciate Ligament: Evaluation and Management Strategies

A review by KNEEguru of a published medical book with expert contributors - Editor: Shital N Parikh, Professor of Orthopedic Surgery at Cincinnati Children's Hospital Center.

Cruciate Ligament Library

Library of excerpts from the medical literature about Cruciate Ligaments, with links to PubMed

An abstract of a study by Dr Raju Vaishya on how some simple tests may identify some athletes at risk of an ACL tear.

There is a lot of interest at present in the high and growing incidence of ACL injuries in females, and this paper explores some of the work to identify the reason for this.

The Sherman System classifies the site of the ACL ligament tear for documentation purposes.

Knee bones from front (bent knee)

Brief introduction to the bony anatomy of the knee, with clear illustrations.

Cruciate Ligaments

An overview of the many issues facing a patient with a cruciate ligament tear.

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ACL Repair in Children - ebook