Arthrofibrosis of the knee is a complication of injury or surgery where an excessive scar tissue response leads to painful restriction of knee motion, with early adhesions and later scar tissue forming within the joint and soft tissue spaces, and persisting despite routine rehabilitation exercises and stretches. The term may involve flexion loss, extension loss or both. The kneecap (patella) may be pulled into an abnormally low position (patella baja)
|Side view of section through a normal knee, where there are no adhesions locking up movement.||Adhesions developing in the suprapatellar pouch, posterior capsule and anterior interval.||Matured scar tissue has contracted, closing the important spaces that normally allow movement, and pulling the kneecap right down.|
Open debridement and soft tissue release as a salvage procedure for the severely arthrofibrotic knee.. Millett PJ, Williams RJ 3rd, Wickiewicz TL. Am J Sports Med. 1999 Sep-Oct;27(5):552-61.
The role of capsular distention in the arthroscopic management of arthrofibrosis of the knee: A technical consideration. Millett PJ, Steadman JR. Arthroscopy. 2001 Sep;17(7):E31.
Treatment of Knee Arthrofibrosis and Quadriceps Insufficiency after Patellar Tendon Repair: A Case Report Including Use of the Graston Technique. Black D. Int J Ther Massage Bodywork. 2010; 3(2): 14–21.
Kindle eBook - Authors: Frank Noyes & Sue Barber-Westin
Knee Arthrofibrosis: Everything You Need to Know to Recognize, Treat, and Prevent Loss of Knee Motion After Injury or Surgery