Essential knee terminology
Click one of the letters above to go to the page of all terms beginning with that letter.
Fabella search for term

A fabella is a little bone which sometimes forms at the back of the knee, within the tendon of the gastrocnemius muscle, like a tiny kneecap at the back of the knee.

Fabella syndrome search for term

The fabella syndrome is a set of symptoms relating to the fabella, with pain on the outer back part of the knee where the fabella can rub on the femoral condyle (knuckle of the thighbone).

Facet search for term

The front of the kneecap (patella) is rounded, but the back is angulated. The flat surfaces at the back are falled 'facets'.

Facetectomy search for term

This is an operation to remove one of the facets (flat surfaces) at the back of the kneecap (patella), usually to remove an area of arthritis.

Fascia search for term

Fascia is net-like fibrous tissue that anatomically either binds structures together or separates structures into different layers.

Fascia lata search for term

The fascia lata is a flat but strong strip of tissue that runs down the side of the thigh.

Fasciotomy search for term

A fasciotomy is a surgical procedure to cut the fibrous casing (fascia) which surrounds a muscle compartment.

Fast Fix search for term

A system of products for repairing the meniscus.

Fat pad search for term

The fat pad is an area of fatty tissue below the patella (kneecap) and behind the patellar tendon.

Fat pad syndrome search for term

The fat pad syndrome is a set of symptoms associated with nipping ('impingement') of the fat pad between the patella and the femoral condyle (knuckle of the thighbone).

FCL search for term

Same as Fibular collateral ligament/Lateral collateral ligament.

Femoral search for term

Related to the femur bone (adjective).

Femoral anteversion search for term

Femoral anteversion is an inward rotation of the femur bone from the upper neck part of the femur.

Femoral groove search for term

The concave region at the lower end of the femur.

Femoral osteotomy search for term

A femoral osteotomy is a surgical procedure to cut the femur bone and realign it in an attempt to improve mechanics.

Femoral torsion search for term

'Torsion' means 'twisting'. In femoral torsion it is the femur bone that is abnormally twisted.

Femoral-fibular reconstruction search for term

A surgical procedure to tighten up a lax fibular collateral ligament.

Femur search for term

The femur is the thigh bone.

Fibrocartilage search for term

Fibrocartilage is a tissue composed of fibrous tissue and cartilage tissue in various proportions.

Fibrosis search for term

Thickening because of scar tissue.

Fibula search for term

The fibula is a long narrow bone to the outer side of the tibia (shinbone).

Fibular collateral ligament search for term

Same as Lateral collateral ligament.

Figure-of-eight search for term

Figure-of-8-running is a rehabilitation exercise.

Fissure search for term

A deep split in the articular cartilage.

Flexion search for term

Flexion means 'bending'.

Flexion contracture search for term

A flexion contracture or flexion deformity is when someone is not able to fully straighten their leg either actively or passively.

Foot pumps search for term

A rehabilitation exercise.

Fracture search for term

A fracture is a bone break.

Fulkerson osteotomy search for term

The Fulkerson osteotomy is an operation to re-align the tibial tuberosity (lower bony attachment of the patellar tendon on the shinbone).

Fulkerson procedure search for term

The same thing as a Fulkerson osteotomy.

Full arc extensions search for term

A rehabilitation exercise.

Full quads stretch search for term

A rehabilitation exercise (stretch).

Full squats (supported) search for term

A rehabilitation exercise.

Functional brace search for term

A functional knee brace is prescribed for moderate instability from torn cruciate ligaments, to support the knee and prevent further damage.