Essential knee terminology
Click one of the letters above to go to the page of all terms beginning with that letter.
RA search for term

Abbreviation of 'rheumatoid arthritis'.

Range of motion search for term

The range through which the knee can bend and straighten (flex and extend).

Recipient search for term

A 'recipient' receives a transplant from a 'donor', or a 'recipient' area receives a transplant from a 'donor' area.

Rectus femoris search for term

The rectus femoris muscle is one of the four heads of the quadriceps muscle.

Recurvatum search for term

Recurvatum means that the knee inclines backwards when weight is taken on the leg.

Reefing search for term

Surgical tightening of the tissues on the medial aspect of the patella.

Reflex sympathetic dystrophy search for term

This is a disorder characterised by distressing pain, out of proportion to the condition (eg arthroscopic knee surgery) giving rise to it.

Regenerative medicine search for term

A branch of medicine where stem cells encouraged to form new tissues to replace damaged tissues in the body.

Rehabilitation search for term

The programme of exercises and stretches undertaken in order to return the knee to as full a function as possible.

Reiter's Syndrome search for term

Reiter's syndrome is arthritis that is triggered by an infection in another part of the body.

Rejection search for term

This term is used in relation to transplant surgery, when the body attacks and damages the transplant.

Remodelling search for term

The process where a bone or tissue re-shapes itself.

Resisted extensions search for term

A knee rehabilitation exercise.

Revascularisation search for term

The process of new blood vessels growing into a tissue.

Revision search for term

This term is used when a surgical procedure has to be re-done because of complications.

Rheumatoid arthritis search for term

An immune disorder, where the body attacks its own tissues causing joint swelling, inflammation and destruction largely affecting the small joints (eg base of fingers).

Rheumatologist search for term

A doctor specialising in rheumatology.

Rheumatology search for term

Rheumatology is a specialism in medicine, and is the study of a group of related disorders characterised by multi-joint arthritis which appear to be triggered by the body's own immune system.

RICE search for term

A mnemonic for remembering the rehabilitation regime of Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation

ROM search for term

Abbreviation of 'range of motion'.

Rosenberg view search for term

An X-ray view which is sensitive in terms of looking for osteoarthritis of the tibio-femoral area. The patient stands with the knees bent to 45 degrees against the X-ray plate, while the X-ray machine is behind the knee at an angle slightly downwards (45° flexion PA weight-bearing view).

Rotational osteotomy search for term

A surgical procedure to cut a twisted bone and re-align it to a more functional position.

Rowing machine search for term

Rehabilitation equipment that resembles a rowing boat.

RSD search for term

Abbreviation of 'reflex sympathetic dystrophy'.

Runner's knee search for term

The condition commonly referred to as 'runner's knee' is a painful condition on the outer side of the knee.