Essential knee terminology
Click one of the letters above to go to the page of all terms beginning with that letter.
TB search for term

Abbreviation of 'tuberculosis'.

Tegner score search for term

A scoring system to gauge how disabled one is from one's knee problem in terms of activity.

Tendinitis search for term

Tendinitis infers inflammation of a tendon, although often the condition is more a degeneration than an inflammation.

Tendon search for term

A tendon is the white fibrous end of a muscle, which connects the muscle to the bone.

Tendonitis search for term

Same as 'tendinitis'.

Tenodesis search for term

A tenodesis is a surgical procedure where a tendon is surgically attached to bone.

Teratoma search for term

A tumour containing differentiated tissue, such as skin, hair and teeth.

Teratomas search for term

Tumours containing differentiated tissue, such as skin, hair and teeth.

Terminology search for term

'Terminology' means the meaning of words.

Theraband search for term

The trade name for wide elastic bands used for rehabilitation exercises, and development of strength.

Thermal shrinkage search for term

This is a controversial technique where a radiofrequency 'wand' is stroked over the fibres of a ligament to cause shrinkage, and consequent tightening of any laxity.

Thighbone search for term

The femur - the long bone going from the hip to the knee.

Thrombophlebitis search for term

An inflammation of the tissues caused by a clot in the vein.

Tibia search for term

The tibia is the shin bone.

Tibial plateau search for term

The tibial plateau is the flattened upper surface of the tibial bone (shinbone), where it makes contact with the rounded ends (condyles) of the femur (thighbone).

Tibial plateau fracture search for term

A tibial plateau fracture is a bone break through the flat joint surface of the tibia bone, at the region where it articulates with the rounded end of the femur bone.

Tibial spine search for term

A raised area of bone in the middle of the tibial plateau, and related to the attachment of the cruciate ligaments.

Tibial torsion search for term

'Torsion' means 'twisting'. In tibial torsion it is the tibia bone that is abnormally twisted.

Tibial tuberosity search for term

The tibial tuberosity is the bony lump on the shin below the kneecap (patella).

Tibial tuberosity transfer search for term

Tibial tuberosity transfer is a surgical procedure involving cutting the bony bump below the kneecap (the tibial tuberosity) and either moving it or re-angling it.

Tibial tunnel search for term

A term used in cruciate ligament repair to refer to the drill hole on the tibia through which the replacement ligament is threaded.

Tibiofemoral joint search for term

The tibiofemoral joint is the junction of the tibia bone (shinbone) with the femur bone (thighbone).

Tide mark search for term

If cartilage is stained, and cut into thin slices, and then examined under the microscope, one can see a calcified area of cartilage on the deeper aspect, anchoring the cartilage to the bone. This region looks different from the rest of the cartilage and the line demarcating it is called the tide mark.

Tip toes search for term

A knee rehabilitation exercise for the early phase.

Tissue bank search for term

A tissue bank is a place where body parts are stored for later use in transplantation.

Tissue engineering search for term

Cells, biodegradeable scaffolds and engineering systems which repair or replace body parts.

TKA search for term

Abbreviation of 'total knee arthroplasty'.

TKR search for term

Abbreviation of 'total knee replacement'.

Total knee arthroplasty search for term

Same as 'total knee replacement'.

Total knee replacement search for term

Replacement of the femoral and tibial surfaces of the kee joint with metal and plastic, and generally also part of the patella.

Totipotent search for term

Referring to stem cells - a cell that has the ability to develop into a complete embryo.

Tourniquet search for term

The tourniquet referred to in knee surgery is usually an inflatable wrapping which goes around the upper thigh during surgery.

Transfix search for term

Transfix is a system of fixation of meniscal tears (tears of the knee cartilages).

Transplant search for term

A transplant is the removal of a body part from is origin and re-growing it somewhere else in the same person or in another person.

Treadmill search for term

A useful item of equipment for knee rehabilitation.

Triamcinolone search for term

Triamcinolone is a steroid used to treat inflammatory disorders.

Triple varus search for term

Varus alignment of tibia and femur associated with a deficiency of all of the posterolateral structures, and where the deformity increases on standing, and a varus recurvatum position is present.

Trochlea search for term

Same as 'trochlear groove'.

Trochlear search for term

The adjective of 'trochlea', eg trochlear groove, trochlear dysplasia.

Trochlear dysplasia search for term

A trochlear groove which has formed abnormally, generally with the sides being too flat or too steep.

Trochlear groove search for term

The trochlear groove is the concave surface where the patella (kneecap) makes contact with the femur (thighbone). Also called the 'trochlea'.

Trochleoplasty search for term

A trochleoplasty is a surgical procedure to re-shape the walls of the trochlear groove.

Trunk extension search for term

A rehabilitation exercise.

TTT search for term

Abbreviation of 'tibial tuberosity transfer'.

Tuberculosis search for term

Tuberculosis is an infection caused by the tuberculosis bacterium. It is commonly called TB and does not only affect the chest - it affects other organs as well, including the knee where it is important to cure the infection before the joint is destroyed.