Essential knee terminology
Click one of the letters above to go to the page of all terms beginning with that letter.
Valgus search for term

Valgus refers to a knock-knee position.

Valgus osteotomy search for term

A valgus osteotomy is a surgical procedure where the bone is cut and re-angled, to correct a varus (bow-leg) deformity.

Varices search for term

Varicose veins.

Varus search for term

Varus refers to a bow-legged position.

Varus osteotomy search for term

A varus osteotomy is a surgical procedure where the bone is cut and re-angled, to correct a valgus (knock-knee) deformity.

Varus recurvatum search for term

Varus alignment of the tibia and femur, together with hyper-extension, so that the knee goes backwards and outwards.

Varus thrust search for term

A varus thrust is when the knee joint thrusts to the outer aspect with each step, as weight is taken on that leg.

VAS search for term

Abbreviation for 'visual analogue scale'.

Vastus intermedius search for term

The vastus intermedius is one of the four heads of the quadriceps muscle group making up the muscle at the front of the thigh.

Vastus lateralis search for term

The vastus lateralis muscle is one of the four heads of the quadriceps muscle.

Vastus medialis search for term

The vastus medialis muscle is one of the four heads of the quadriceps muscle.

Vastus medialis obliquus search for term

This is the lower part of the vastus medialis muscle, where the fibres are oblique, tending to act as guy ropes pulling the patella towards the medial side. It is commonly referred to as the VMO.

Venogram search for term

An X-ray of the veins, which is made possible by injecting a radio-opaque dye into the veins. The procedure is called 'venography'.

Venous search for term

This is an adjective referring to the veins, for example 'venous obstruction' or 'venous thrombosis'.

Ventrum search for term

The under surface.

Visual analogue scale search for term

A system to rate a person's level of pain along a line drawn between two fixed points.

VLO search for term

Abbreviation of 'vastus lateralis obliquus' (part of the quads).

VMO search for term

Abbreviation of 'vastus medialis obliquus'.

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