The knee joint cavity is deemed to have three 'compartments' - contact areas where the bones articulate.

These are the contact area between the femur and tibia bones on the inner (medial) side (medial compartment), the contact area between the femur and tibia bones on the outer (lateral) side (lateral compartment) and the contact area between the patella (kneecap) and the femur bones (patellofemoral compartment).

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