Microfracture is a surgical procedure where a tiny 'pick' is used to spike holes through damaged joint cartilage into the bone below.
This allows migration of marrow cells into the resultant clot, and facilitate new cartilage formation. The technique was first proposed by Dr Richard (Dick) Steadman, and is one of a group of procedures now referred to as 'marrow stimulation techniques'.
From the time of onset of osteoarthritis of the knee to aged 65 - the usual age when a surgeon considers it acceptable to do a knee replacement - there are many interventions that may help to slow the progression of the joint destruction. This eBook gives an overview of these interventions.