The two cruciate ligaments (anterior and posterior) are very important ligaments right in the middle of the knee, connecting the thighbone (femur) and the shinbone (tibia).

The word 'cruciate' means 'crossed', referring to the fact that the two cruciate ligaments cross over one another.


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Rehabilitation considerations after cruciate ligament reconstruction

This group of patients, in contrast to knee replacement patients, are usually high-functioning in terms of their knees before the abrupt incident - generally young and fit, with no prior muscle wasting, bony deformity or limitation in their range-of-motion.

After their injury they may be over-keen to get ligament reconstructive surgery done so that they can get back to their sporting activities, and they may have high...


Knee bones from front (bent knee)

Brief introduction to the bony anatomy of the knee.

Knee anatomy intro

This page demonstrates the bones of the knee - femur, tibia, and patella. The shock-absorbing menisci fill the gap between the rounded ends of the femur bone and the flattened upper surface of the tibia bone. The cruciate ligaments act as a 'stay' to allow movement of the femur and tibia, without the movement being excessive.

Cruciate Ligaments

An overview of the many issues facing a patient with a cruciate ligament tear.

Who's Who in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) surgery?

This section lists knee surgeons who the KNEEguru website has identified as having expertise or a special interest in the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) of the knee.